Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti | Rabindranath Tagore

Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti

Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore’s birth anniversary was celebrated across the country. He was a poet, philosopher, musician, writer, and educationist.

Utility: UPSC, JPSC, BPSC Prelims & Mains
Section: History, Art & Culture: Social reformers | Personalities in News

About Rabindranath Tagore

  • Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) was the youngest son of Debendranath Tagore, a leader of the Brahmo Samaj.
  • At a very young age, Rabindranath Tagore was part of the Bengal renaissance, in which his family actively participated.
  • He drew inspiration by reading the classical poetry of Kalidasa and started coming up with classical poems of his own.
  • In 1901, Rabindranath Tagore became the editor of the magazine Bangadarshan.
  • He was popularly called as Gurudev and his songs were popularly known as Rabindrasangeet.
  • In 1905, Lord Curzon decided to divide Bengal into two parts. Rabindranath Tagore strongly protested against this decision.
  • He introduced the Rakhibandhan ceremony, symbolizing the underlying unity of undivided Bengal.
  • Rabindranath Tagore became the first Asian to become Nobel laureate when he won Nobel Prize for his collection of poems, Gitanjali, in 1913.
  • In 1915 he was knighted by the British King George V.
  • In 1919, following the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Tagore renounced his knighthood.
  • In 1921, Rabindranath Tagore established Viswabharati University.
  • In 1940 Oxford University arranged a special ceremony in Santiniketan and awarded Rabindranath Tagore with a Doctorate of Literature.
  • Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore passed away on August 7, 1941 in his ancestral home in Calcutta.
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