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AISHE Report 2021-22 |

AISHE Report 2021-22

Context

∙ Recently, the Ministry of Education has released the All-India Survey of Higher Education (AISHE), 2021-22.

About

∙ It has been conducted since 2011, covering all Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) in the country registered with AISHE.

∙ It collects detailed information on different parameters such as student enrollment, teachers’ data, infrastructural information, financial information, etc.

Key Findings

∙ The total enrolment in higher education has increased to nearly 4.33 crore in 2021-22 from 4.14 crore in 2020-21.

∙ Out of 4.33 crore, 15.3% belong to Scheduled Caste, 6.3% belong to Scheduled Tribe, 37.8% are from Other Backward Class and remaining 40.6% students are from other communities.

∙ The Female enrolment has seen 32% increase in 2021-22 from 2014-15.

∙ The Minority enrolment has increased to 38% in 2021-22 from 2014-15.

∙ The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education for the age group 18-23 years has increased to 28.4 in 2021-22,, from 27.3 in 2020-21 and 23.7 in 2014-15

∙ The top States in terms of Student Enrolment are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal and Rajasthan.

∙ The highest share of foreign students is from Nepal (28%), followed by Afghanistan (6.7%), United States (6.2%), Bangladesh (5.6%), UAE (4.9%), and Bhutan (3.3%).

∙ The enrollment is highest in Arts (34.2%), followed by Science (14.8%), Commerce (13.3%) and Engineering & Technology (11.8%).

Student enrollments in Engineering Substreams

∙ The top five sub-streams of engineering and technology as per enrollment are Computer Engineering (CE), Electronics Engineering, Mechanical

ο Engineering (ME), Civil Engineering and Electrical Engineering.

∙ Among these only CE and EE saw an increase in enrollments while ME, Electronics Engineering and Civil Engineering saw a dip.

Number of Institutions

∙ The total number of Universities / University level institutions registered is 1,168, Colleges 45,473 and Standalone Institutions 12,002.

∙ 341 Universities/University level institutions have been established since 2014-15.

∙ 17 Universities (of which 14 are State Public Universities) and 4,470 Colleges are exclusively for women.

Faculty

∙ The total number of faculty/teachers in 2021-22 are 15.98 lakh, of which about 56.6% are male and 43.4% are female.

∙ Female faculty/teachers have increased to 6.94 lakh in 2021-22 from 5.69 lakh in 2014-15 (an increase of 22% since 2014-15)

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